iCapsNets: Towards Interpretable Capsule Networks for Text Classification

16 May 2020  ·  Zhengyang Wang, Xia Hu, Shuiwang Ji ·

Many text classification applications require models with satisfying performance as well as good interpretability. Traditional machine learning methods are easy to interpret but have low accuracies... The development of deep learning models boosts the performance significantly. However, deep learning models are typically hard to interpret. In this work, we propose interpretable capsule networks (iCapsNets) to bridge this gap. iCapsNets use capsules to model semantic meanings and explore novel methods to increase interpretability. The design of iCapsNets is consistent with human intuition and enables it to produce human-understandable interpretation results. Notably, iCapsNets can be interpreted both locally and globally. In terms of local interpretability, iCapsNets offer a simple yet effective method to explain the predictions for each data sample. On the other hand, iCapsNets explore a novel way to explain the model's general behavior, achieving global interpretability. Experimental studies show that our iCapsNets yield meaningful local and global interpretation results, without suffering from significant performance loss compared to non-interpretable methods. read more

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