Information-Driven Adaptive Structured-Light Scanners

CVPR 2016  ·  Guy Rosman, Daniela Rus, John W. Fisher III ·

Sensor planning and active sensing, long studied in robotics, adapt sensor positioning and operation mode in order to maximize information gain. While these concepts are often used to reason about 3D sensors, these are usually treated as a predefined, black-box, component. In this paper we show how the same principles can be used as part of the 3D sensor. We describe the relevant generative model for structured-light 3D scanning and show how adaptive pattern selection can maximize information gain in an open-loop with-feedback manner. We then demonstrate how different choices of relevant variable sets (corresponding to the subproblems of locatization and mapping) lead to different criteria for pattern selection and can be computed in an online fashion. We show results for both subproblems with several pattern dictionary choices and demonstrate their usefulness for pose estimation and depth acquisition.

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