Initialising Kernel Adaptive Filters via Probabilistic Inference

11 Jul 2017  ·  Iván Castro, Cristóbal Silva, Felipe Tobar ·

We present a probabilistic framework for both (i) determining the initial settings of kernel adaptive filters (KAFs) and (ii) constructing fully-adaptive KAFs whereby in addition to weights and dictionaries, kernel parameters are learnt sequentially. This is achieved by formulating the estimator as a probabilistic model and defining dedicated prior distributions over the kernel parameters, weights and dictionary, enforcing desired properties such as sparsity... The model can then be trained using a subset of data to initialise standard KAFs or updated sequentially each time a new observation becomes available. Due to the nonlinear/non-Gaussian properties of the model, learning and inference is achieved using gradient-based maximum-a-posteriori optimisation and Markov chain Monte Carlo methods, and can be confidently used to compute predictions. The proposed framework was validated on nonlinear time series of both synthetic and real-world nature, where it outperformed standard KAFs in terms of mean square error and the sparsity of the learnt dictionaries. read more

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