Interpreting Deep Classifier by Visual Distillation of Dark Knowledge

11 Mar 2018  ·  Kai Xu, Dae Hoon Park, Chang Yi, Charles Sutton ·

Interpreting black box classifiers, such as deep networks, allows an analyst to validate a classifier before it is deployed in a high-stakes setting. A natural idea is to visualize the deep network's representations, so as to "see what the network sees"... In this paper, we demonstrate that standard dimension reduction methods in this setting can yield uninformative or even misleading visualizations. Instead, we present DarkSight, which visually summarizes the predictions of a classifier in a way inspired by notion of dark knowledge. DarkSight embeds the data points into a low-dimensional space such that it is easy to compress the deep classifier into a simpler one, essentially combining model compression and dimension reduction. We compare DarkSight against t-SNE both qualitatively and quantitatively, demonstrating that DarkSight visualizations are more informative. Our method additionally yields a new confidence measure based on dark knowledge by quantifying how unusual a given vector of predictions is. read more

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