Learning Invariances with Generalised Input-Convex Neural Networks

14 Apr 2022  ·  Vitali Nesterov, Fabricio Arend Torres, Monika Nagy-Huber, Maxim Samarin, Volker Roth ·

Considering smooth mappings from input vectors to continuous targets, our goal is to characterise subspaces of the input domain, which are invariant under such mappings. Thus, we want to characterise manifolds implicitly defined by level sets. Specifically, this characterisation should be of a global parametric form, which is especially useful for different informed data exploration tasks, such as building grid-based approximations, sampling points along the level curves, or finding trajectories on the manifold. However, global parameterisations can only exist if the level sets are connected. For this purpose, we introduce a novel and flexible class of neural networks that generalise input-convex networks. These networks represent functions that are guaranteed to have connected level sets forming smooth manifolds on the input space. We further show that global parameterisations of these level sets can be always found efficiently. Lastly, we demonstrate that our novel technique for characterising invariances is a powerful generative data exploration tool in real-world applications, such as computational chemistry.

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