Learning Model-Based Sparsity via Projected Gradient Descent

7 Sep 2012  ·  Sohail Bahmani, Petros T. Boufounos, Bhiksha Raj ·

Several convex formulation methods have been proposed previously for statistical estimation with structured sparsity as the prior. These methods often require a carefully tuned regularization parameter, often a cumbersome or heuristic exercise. Furthermore, the estimate that these methods produce might not belong to the desired sparsity model, albeit accurately approximating the true parameter. Therefore, greedy-type algorithms could often be more desirable in estimating structured-sparse parameters. So far, these greedy methods have mostly focused on linear statistical models. In this paper we study the projected gradient descent with non-convex structured-sparse parameter model as the constraint set. Should the cost function have a Stable Model-Restricted Hessian the algorithm produces an approximation for the desired minimizer. As an example we elaborate on application of the main results to estimation in Generalized Linear Model.

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