Sem-LSD: A Learning-based Semantic Line Segment Detector

In this paper, we introduces a new type of line-shaped image representation, named semantic line segment (Sem-LS) and focus on solving its detection problem. Sem-LS contains high-level semantics and is a compact scene representation where only visually salient line segments with stable semantics are preserved. Combined with high-level semantics, Sem-LS is more robust under cluttered environment compared with existing line-shaped representations. The compactness of Sem-LS facilitates its use in large-scale applications, such as city-scale SLAM (simultaneously localization and mapping) and LCD (loop closure detection). Sem-LS detection is a challenging task due to its significantly different appearance from existing learning-based image representations such as wireframes and objects. For further investigation, we first label Sem-LS on two well-known datasets, KITTI and KAIST URBAN, as new benchmarks. Then, we propose a learning-based Sem-LS detector (Sem-LSD) and devise new module as well as metrics to address unique challenges in Sem-LS detection. Experimental results have shown both the efficacy and efficiency of Sem-LSD. Finally, the effectiveness of the proposed Sem-LS is supported by two experiments on detector repeatability and a city-scale LCD problem. Labeled datasets and code will be released shortly.

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