Modeling sepsis progression using hidden Markov models

Characterizing a patient's progression through stages of sepsis is critical for enabling risk stratification and adaptive, personalized treatment. However, commonly used sepsis diagnostic criteria fail to account for significant underlying heterogeneity, both between patients as well as over time in a single patient... We introduce a hidden Markov model of sepsis progression that explicitly accounts for patient heterogeneity. Benchmarked against two sepsis diagnostic criteria, the model provides a useful tool to uncover a patient's latent sepsis trajectory and to identify high-risk patients in whom more aggressive therapy may be indicated. read more

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