Modular Resource Centric Learning for Workflow Performance Prediction

15 Nov 2017  ·  Alok Singh, Mai Nguyen, Shweta Purawat, Daniel Crawl, Ilkay Altintas ·

Workflows provide an expressive programming model for fine-grained control of large-scale applications in distributed computing environments. Accurate estimates of complex workflow execution metrics on large-scale machines have several key advantages. The performance of scheduling algorithms that rely on estimates of execution metrics degrades when the accuracy of predicted execution metrics decreases. This in-progress paper presents a technique being developed to improve the accuracy of predicted performance metrics of large-scale workflows on distributed platforms. The central idea of this work is to train resource-centric machine learning agents to capture complex relationships between a set of program instructions and their performance metrics when executed on a specific resource. This resource-centric view of a workflow exploits the fact that predicting execution times of sub-modules of a workflow requires monitoring and modeling of a few dynamic and static features. We transform the input workflow that is essentially a directed acyclic graph of actions into a Physical Resource Execution Plan (PREP). This transformation enables us to model an arbitrarily complex workflow as a set of simpler programs running on physical nodes. We delegate a machine learning model to capture performance metrics for each resource type when it executes different program instructions under varying degrees of resource contention. Our algorithm takes the prediction metrics from each resource agent and composes the overall workflow performance metrics by utilizing the structure of the corresponding Physical Resource Execution Plan.

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