Multiple Similarity Drug-Target Interaction Prediction with Random Walks and Matrix Factorization

The discovery of drug-target interactions (DTIs) is a very promising area of research with great potential. In general, the identification of reliable interactions among drugs and proteins can boost the development of effective pharmaceuticals. In this work, we leverage random walks and matrix factorization techniques towards DTI prediction. In particular, we take a multi-layered network perspective, where different layers correspond to different similarity metrics between drugs and targets. To fully take advantage of topology information captured in multiple views, we develop an optimization framework, called MDMF, for DTI prediction. The framework learns vector representations of drugs and targets that not only retain higher-order proximity across all hyper-layers and layer-specific local invariance, but also approximates the interactions with their inner product. Furthermore, we propose an ensemble method, called MDMF2A, which integrates two instantiations of the MDMF model that optimize surrogate losses of the area under the precision-recall curve (AUPR) and the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC), respectively. The empirical study on real-world DTI datasets shows that our method achieves significant improvement over current state-of-the-art approaches in four different settings. Moreover, the validation of highly ranked non-interacting pairs also demonstrates the potential of MDMF2A to discover novel DTIs.

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