Neural Steerer: Novel Steering Vector Synthesis with a Causal Neural Field over Frequency and Source Positions

8 May 2023  ·  Diego Di Carlo, Aditya Arie Nugraha, Mathieu Fontaine, Kazuyoshi Yoshii ·

We address the problem of accurately interpolating measured anechoic steering vectors with a deep learning framework called the neural field. This task plays a pivotal role in reducing the resource-intensive measurements required for precise sound source separation and localization, essential as the front-end of speech recognition. Classical approaches to interpolation rely on linear weighting of nearby measurements in space on a fixed, discrete set of frequencies. Drawing inspiration from the success of neural fields for novel view synthesis in computer vision, we introduce the neural steerer, a continuous complex-valued function that takes both frequency and direction as input and produces the corresponding steering vector. Importantly, it incorporates inter-channel phase difference information and a regularization term enforcing filter causality, essential for accurate steering vector modeling. Our experiments, conducted using a dataset of real measured steering vectors, demonstrate the effectiveness of our resolution-free model in interpolating such measurements.

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