Optimal Function Approximation with Relu Neural Networks

9 Sep 2019  ·  Bo Liu, Yi Liang ·

We consider in this paper the optimal approximations of convex univariate functions with feed-forward Relu neural networks. We are interested in the following question: what is the minimal approximation error given the number of approximating linear pieces? We establish the necessary and sufficient conditions and uniqueness of optimal approximations, and give lower and upper bounds of the optimal approximation errors. Relu neural network architectures are then presented to generate these optimal approximations. Finally, we propose an algorithm to find the optimal approximations, as well as prove its convergence and validate it with experimental results.

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