Optimization of a Fixed Virtual Sensing Feedback ANC Controller for In-Ear Headphones with Multiple Loudspeakers

7 Oct 2021  ·  Piero Rivera Benois, Reinhild Roden, Matthias Blau, Simon Doclo ·

In this paper we consider an in-ear headphone equipped with an inner microphone and multiple loudspeakers and we propose an optimization procedure with a convex objective function to derive a fixed multi-loudspeaker ANC controller aiming at minimizing the sound pressure at the ear drum. Based on the virtual microphone arrangement (VMA) technique and measured acoustic paths between the loudspeakers and the ear drum, the FIR filters of the ANC controller are jointly optimized to minimize the power spectral density at the ear drum, subject to design and stability constraints. For an in-ear headphone with two loudspeakers, the proposed multi-loudspeaker VMA controller is compared to two single-loudspeaker VMA controllers. Simulation results with diffuse noise show that the multi-loudspeaker VMA controller effectively improves the attenuation by up to about 10 dB for frequencies below 300 Hz when compared to both single-loudspeaker VMA controllers.

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