Parkinson's Disease Digital Biomarker Discovery with Optimized Transitions and Inferred Markov Emissions

11 Nov 2017  ·  Avinash Bukkittu, Baihan Lin, Trung Vu, Itsik Pe'er ·

We search for digital biomarkers from Parkinson's Disease by observing approximate repetitive patterns matching hypothesized step and stride periodic cycles. These observations were modeled as a cycle of hidden states with randomness allowing deviation from a canonical pattern of transitions and emissions, under the hypothesis that the averaged features of hidden states would serve to informatively characterize classes of patients/controls. We propose a Hidden Semi-Markov Model (HSMM), a latent-state model, emitting 3D-acceleration vectors. Transitions and emissions are inferred from data. We fit separate models per unique device and training label. Hidden Markov Models (HMM) force geometric distributions of the duration spent at each state before transition to a new state. Instead, our HSMM allows us to specify the distribution of state duration. This modified version is more effective because we are interested more in each state's duration than the sequence of distinct states, allowing inclusion of these durations the feature vector.

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