In medical applications such as recognizing the type of a tumor as Malignant
or Benign, a wrong diagnosis can be devastating. Methods like Fuzzy Support
Vector Machines (FSVM) try to reduce the effect of misplaced training points by
assigning a lower weight to the outliers...
However, there are still uncertain
points which are similar to both classes and assigning a class by the given
information will cause errors. In this paper, we propose a two-phase
classification method which probabilistically assigns the uncertain points to
each of the classes. The proposed method is applied to the Breast Cancer
Wisconsin (Diagnostic) Dataset which consists of 569 instances in 2 classes of
Malignant and Benign. This method assigns certain instances to their
appropriate classes with probability of one, and the uncertain instances to
each of the classes with associated probabilities. Therefore, based on the
degree of uncertainty, doctors can suggest further examinations before making
the final diagnosis.