Processing of incomplete images by (graph) convolutional neural networks

We investigate the problem of training neural networks from incomplete images without replacing missing values. For this purpose, we first represent an image as a graph, in which missing pixels are entirely ignored. The graph image representation is processed using a spatial graph convolutional network (SGCN) -- a type of graph convolutional networks, which is a proper generalization of classical CNNs operating on images. On one hand, our approach avoids the problem of missing data imputation while, on the other hand, there is a natural correspondence between CNNs and SGCN. Experiments confirm that our approach performs better than analogical CNNs with the imputation of missing values on typical classification and reconstruction tasks.

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