Recommending Training Set Sizes for Classification

16 Feb 2021  ·  Phillip Koshute, Jared Zook, Ian McCulloh ·

Based on a comprehensive study of 20 established data sets, we recommend training set sizes for any classification data set. We obtain our recommendations by systematically withholding training data and developing models through five different classification methods for each resulting training set. Based on these results, we construct accuracy confidence intervals for each training set size and fit the lower bounds to inverse power low learning curves. We also estimate a sufficient training set size (STSS) for each data set based on established convergence criteria. We compare STSS to the data sets' characteristics; based on identified trends, we recommend training set sizes between 3000 and 30000 data points, according to a data set's number of classes and number of features. Because obtaining and preparing training data has non-negligible costs that are proportional to data set size, these results afford the potential opportunity for substantial savings for predictive modeling efforts.

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