Revisiting the Application of Feature Selection Methods to Speech Imagery BCI Datasets

17 Aug 2020  ·  Javad Rahimipour Anaraki, Jae Moon, Tom Chau ·

Brain-computer interface (BCI) aims to establish and improve human and computer interactions. There has been an increasing interest in designing new hardware devices to facilitate the collection of brain signals through various technologies, such as wet and dry electroencephalogram (EEG) and functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS) devices. The promising results of machine learning methods have attracted researchers to apply these methods to their data. However, some methods can be overlooked simply due to their inferior performance against a particular dataset. This paper shows how relatively simple yet powerful feature selection/ranking methods can be applied to speech imagery datasets and generate significant results. To do so, we introduce two approaches, horizontal and vertical settings, to use any feature selection and ranking methods to speech imagery BCI datasets. Our primary goal is to improve the resulting classification accuracies from support vector machines, $k$-nearest neighbour, decision tree, linear discriminant analysis and long short-term memory recurrent neural network classifiers. Our experimental results show that using a small subset of channels, we can retain and, in most cases, improve the resulting classification accuracies regardless of the classifier.

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