Robust Real-Time Multi-View Eye Tracking

15 Nov 2017  ·  Nuri Murat Arar, Jean-Philippe Thiran ·

Despite significant advances in improving the gaze tracking accuracy under controlled conditions, the tracking robustness under real-world conditions, such as large head pose and movements, use of eyeglasses, illumination and eye type variations, remains a major challenge in eye tracking. In this paper, we revisit this challenge and introduce a real-time multi-camera eye tracking framework to improve the tracking robustness... First, differently from previous work, we design a multi-view tracking setup that allows for acquiring multiple eye appearances simultaneously. Leveraging multi-view appearances enables to more reliably detect gaze features under challenging conditions, particularly when they are obstructed in conventional single-view appearance due to large head movements or eyewear effects. The features extracted on various appearances are then used for estimating multiple gaze outputs. Second, we propose to combine estimated gaze outputs through an adaptive fusion mechanism to compute user's overall point of regard. The proposed mechanism firstly determines the estimation reliability of each gaze output according to user's momentary head pose and predicted gazing behavior, and then performs a reliability-based weighted fusion. We demonstrate the efficacy of our framework with extensive simulations and user experiments on a collected dataset featuring 20 subjects. Our results show that in comparison with state-of-the-art eye trackers, the proposed framework provides not only a significant enhancement in accuracy but also a notable robustness. Our prototype system runs at 30 frames-per-second (fps) and achieves 1 degree accuracy under challenging experimental scenarios, which makes it suitable for applications demanding high accuracy and robustness. read more

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