SE-Harris and eSUSAN: Asynchronous Event-Based Corner Detection Using Megapixel Resolution CeleX-V Camera

Event cameras are novel neuromorphic vision sensors with ultrahigh temporal resolution and low latency, both in the order of microseconds. Instead of image frames, event cameras generate an asynchronous event stream of per-pixel intensity changes with precise timestamps. The resulting sparse data structure impedes applying many conventional computer vision techniques to event streams, and specific algorithms should be designed to leverage the information provided by event cameras. We propose a corner detection algorithm, eSUSAN, inspired by the conventional SUSAN (smallest univalue segment assimilating nucleus) algorithm for corner detection. The proposed eSUSAN extracts the univalue segment assimilating nucleus from the circle kernel based on the similarity across timestamps and distinguishes corner events by the number of pixels in the nucleus area. Moreover, eSUSAN is fast enough to be applied to CeleX-V, the event camera with the highest resolution available. Based on eSUSAN, we also propose the SE-Harris corner detector, which uses adaptive normalization based on exponential decay to quickly construct a local surface of active events and the event-based Harris detector to refine the corners identified by eSUSAN. We evaluated the proposed algorithms on a public dataset and CeleX-V data. Both eSUSAN and SE-Harris exhibit higher real-time performance than existing algorithms while maintaining high accuracy and tracking performance.

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