Searching towards Class-Aware Generators for Conditional Generative Adversarial Networks

Conditional Generative Adversarial Networks (cGAN) were designed to generate images based on the provided conditions, \eg, class-level distributions. However, existing methods have used the same generating architecture for all classes. This paper presents a novel idea that adopts NAS to find a distinct architecture for each class. The search space contains regular and class-modulated convolutions, where the latter is designed to introduce class-specific information while avoiding the reduction of training data for each class generator. The search algorithm follows a weight-sharing pipeline with mixed-architecture optimization so that the search cost does not grow with the number of classes. To learn the sampling policy, a Markov decision process is embedded into the search algorithm and a moving average is applied for better stability. We evaluate our approach on CIFAR10 and CIFAR100. Besides achieving better image generation quality in terms of FID scores, we discover several insights that are helpful in designing cGAN models. Code is available at

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