Slimmable Domain Adaptation

Vanilla unsupervised domain adaptation methods tend to optimize the model with fixed neural architecture, which is not very practical in real-world scenarios since the target data is usually processed by different resource-limited devices. It is therefore of great necessity to facilitate architecture adaptation across various devices. In this paper, we introduce a simple framework, Slimmable Domain Adaptation, to improve cross-domain generalization with a weight-sharing model bank, from which models of different capacities can be sampled to accommodate different accuracy-efficiency trade-offs. The main challenge in this framework lies in simultaneously boosting the adaptation performance of numerous models in the model bank. To tackle this problem, we develop a Stochastic EnsEmble Distillation method to fully exploit the complementary knowledge in the model bank for inter-model interaction. Nevertheless, considering the optimization conflict between inter-model interaction and intra-model adaptation, we augment the existing bi-classifier domain confusion architecture into an Optimization-Separated Tri-Classifier counterpart. After optimizing the model bank, architecture adaptation is leveraged via our proposed Unsupervised Performance Evaluation Metric. Under various resource constraints, our framework surpasses other competing approaches by a very large margin on multiple benchmarks. It is also worth emphasizing that our framework can preserve the performance improvement against the source-only model even when the computing complexity is reduced to $1/64$. Code will be available at

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