Spherical Message Passing for 3D Graph Networks

9 Feb 2021  ·  Yi Liu, Limei Wang, Meng Liu, Xuan Zhang, Bora Oztekin, Shuiwang Ji ·

We consider representation learning from 3D graphs in which each node is associated with a spatial position in 3D. This is an under explored area of research, and a principled framework is currently lacking. In this work, we propose a generic framework, known as the 3D graph network (3DGN), to provide a unified interface at different levels of granularity for 3D graphs. Built on 3DGN, we propose the spherical message passing (SMP) as a novel and specific scheme for realizing the 3DGN framework in the spherical coordinate system (SCS). We conduct formal analyses and show that the relative location of each node in 3D graphs is uniquely defined in the SMP scheme. Thus, our SMP represents a complete and accurate architecture for learning from 3D graphs in the SCS. We derive physically-based representations of geometric information and propose the SphereNet for learning representations of 3D graphs. We show that existing 3D deep models can be viewed as special cases of the SphereNet. Experimental results demonstrate that the use of complete and accurate 3D information in 3DGN and SphereNet leads to significant performance improvements in prediction tasks.

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