Structured Logconcave Sampling with a Restricted Gaussian Oracle

We give algorithms for sampling several structured logconcave families to high accuracy. We further develop a reduction framework, inspired by proximal point methods in convex optimization, which bootstraps samplers for regularized densities to improve dependences on problem conditioning. A key ingredient in our framework is the notion of a "restricted Gaussian oracle" (RGO) for $g: \mathbb{R}^d \rightarrow \mathbb{R}$, which is a sampler for distributions whose negative log-likelihood sums a quadratic and $g$. By combining our reduction framework with our new samplers, we obtain the following bounds for sampling structured distributions to total variation distance $\epsilon$. For composite densities $\exp(-f(x) - g(x))$, where $f$ has condition number $\kappa$ and convex (but possibly non-smooth) $g$ admits an RGO, we obtain a mixing time of $O(\kappa d \log^3\frac{\kappa d}{\epsilon})$, matching the state-of-the-art non-composite bound; no composite samplers with better mixing than general-purpose logconcave samplers were previously known. For logconcave finite sums $\exp(-F(x))$, where $F(x) = \frac{1}{n}\sum_{i \in [n]} f_i(x)$ has condition number $\kappa$, we give a sampler querying $\widetilde{O}(n + \kappa\max(d, \sqrt{nd}))$ gradient oracles to $\{f_i\}_{i \in [n]}$; no high-accuracy samplers with nontrivial gradient query complexity were previously known. For densities with condition number $\kappa$, we give an algorithm obtaining mixing time $O(\kappa d \log^2\frac{\kappa d}{\epsilon})$, improving the prior state-of-the-art by a logarithmic factor with a significantly simpler analysis; we also show a zeroth-order algorithm attains the same query complexity.

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