Supervised dimensionality reduction by a Linear Discriminant Analysis on pre-trained CNN features

22 Jun 2020  ·  Francisco J. H. Heras, Gonzalo G. de Polavieja ·

We explore the application of linear discriminant analysis (LDA) to the features obtained in different layers of pretrained deep convolutional neural networks (CNNs). The advantage of LDA compared to other techniques in dimensionality reduction is that it reduces dimensions while preserving the global structure of data, so distances in the low-dimensional structure found are meaningful. The LDA applied to the CNN features finds that the centroids of classes corresponding to the similar data lay closer than classes corresponding to different data. We applied the method to a modification of the MNIST dataset with ten additional classes, each new class with half of the images from one of the standard ten classes. The method finds the new classes close to the corresponding standard classes we took the data form. We also applied the method to a dataset of images of butterflies to find that related subspecies are found to be close. For both datasets, we find a performance similar to state-of-the-art methods.

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