Time-Robust Control for STL Specifications

6 Apr 2021  ·  Alena Rodionova, Lars Lindemann, Manfred Morari, George J. Pappas ·

We present a robust control framework for time-critical systems in which satisfying real-time constraints robustly is of utmost importance for the safety of the system. Signal Temporal Logic (STL) provides a formal means to express a large variety of real-time constraints over signals and is suited for planning and control purposes as it allows us to reason about the time robustness of such constraints. The time robustness of STL particularly quantifies the extent to which timing uncertainties can be tolerated without violating real-time specifications. In this paper, we first pose a control problem in which we aim to find an optimal input sequence to a control system that maximizes the time robustness of an STL constraint. We then propose a Mixed Integer Linear Program (MILP) encoding and provide correctness guarantees along with a complexity analysis of the encoding. We also show in two case studies that maximizing STL time robustness allows to account for timing uncertainties of the underlying control system.

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