Toward Intelligent Vehicular Networks: A Machine Learning Framework

1 Apr 2018  ·  Le Liang, Hao Ye, Geoffrey Ye Li ·

As wireless networks evolve towards high mobility and providing better support for connected vehicles, a number of new challenges arise due to the resulting high dynamics in vehicular environments and thus motive rethinking of traditional wireless design methodologies. Future intelligent vehicles, which are at the heart of high mobility networks, are increasingly equipped with multiple advanced onboard sensors and keep generating large volumes of data. Machine learning, as an effective approach to artificial intelligence, can provide a rich set of tools to exploit such data for the benefit of the networks. In this article, we first identify the distinctive characteristics of high mobility vehicular networks and motivate the use of machine learning to address the resulting challenges. After a brief introduction of the major concepts of machine learning, we discuss its applications to learn the dynamics of vehicular networks and make informed decisions to optimize network performance. In particular, we discuss in greater detail the application of reinforcement learning in managing network resources as an alternative to the prevalent optimization approach. Finally, some open issues worth further investigation are highlighted.

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