Truncated Log-concave Sampling with Reflective Hamiltonian Monte Carlo

25 Feb 2021  ·  Apostolos Chalkis, Vissarion Fisikopoulos, Marios Papachristou, Elias Tsigaridas ·

We introduce Reflective Hamiltonian Monte Carlo (ReHMC), an HMC-based algorithm, to sample from a log-concave distribution restricted to a convex body. We prove that, starting from a warm start, the walk mixes to a log-concave target distribution $\pi(x) \propto e^{-f(x)}$, where $f$ is $L$-smooth and $m$-strongly-convex, within accuracy $\varepsilon$ after $\widetilde O(\kappa d^2 \ell^2 \log (1 / \varepsilon))$ steps for a well-rounded convex body where $\kappa = L / m$ is the condition number of the negative log-density, $d$ is the dimension, $\ell$ is an upper bound on the number of reflections, and $\varepsilon$ is the accuracy parameter. We also developed an efficient open source implementation of ReHMC and we performed an experimental study on various high-dimensional data-sets. The experiments suggest that ReHMC outperfroms Hit-and-Run and Coordinate-Hit-and-Run regarding the time it needs to produce an independent sample and introduces practical truncated sampling in thousands of dimensions.

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