Turbo-AI: Iterative Machine Learning Based Channel Estimation for 2D Massive Arrays

28 Oct 2020  ·  Yejian Chen, Jafar Mohammadi, Stefan Wesemann, Thorsten Wild ·

Recently, Machine Learning (ML) is recognized as an effective tool for wireless communications and plays an evolutionary role to enhance Physical Layer (PHY) of 5th Generation (5G) and Beyond 5G (B5G) systems. In this paper, we focus on the ML-based channel estimation for 2- Dimensional (2D) massive antenna arrays... Due to the extremely high computational requirement for 2D arrays with Ordinary Training, we exploit 2D Kronecker covariance model to perform Subspace Training for vertical and horizontal spatial domain independently, which achieves a complexity cost saving factor $O(M^4N^4)/O(MN^4 + NM^4)$ for ML with an $M \times N$ 2D array. Furthermore, we propose an iterative training approach, referred to as Turbo-AI. Along with Subspace Training, the new approach can monotonically reduce the effective variance of additive noise of the observation, and update the Neural Network (NN) models by re-training. Furthermore, we propose a concept, named Universal Training. It allows to use one NN for a wide range of Signal-to-Noise-Ratio (SNR) operation points and spatial angles, which can greatly simplify Turbo-AI usage. Numerical results exhibit that Turbo-AI can tightly approach the genie-aided channel estimation bound, especially at low SNR. read more

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