VIC-KD: Variance-Invariance-Covariance Knowledge Distillation to Make Keyword Spotting More Robust Against Adversarial Attacks

22 Sep 2023  ·  Heitor R. Guimarães, Arthur Pimentel, Anderson Avila, Tiago H. Falk ·

Keyword spotting (KWS) refers to the task of identifying a set of predefined words in audio streams. With the advances seen recently with deep neural networks, it has become a popular technology to activate and control small devices, such as voice assistants. Relying on such models for edge devices, however, can be challenging due to hardware constraints. Moreover, as adversarial attacks have increased against voice-based technologies, developing solutions robust to such attacks has become crucial. In this work, we propose VIC-KD, a robust distillation recipe for model compression and adversarial robustness. Using self-supervised speech representations, we show that imposing geometric priors to the latent representations of both Teacher and Student models leads to more robust target models. Experiments on the Google Speech Commands datasets show that the proposed methodology improves upon current state-of-the-art robust distillation methods, such as ARD and RSLAD, by 12% and 8% in robust accuracy, respectively.

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