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Causal Inference

20 papers with code · Miscellaneous

Causal inference is the task of drawing a conclusion about a causal connection based on the conditions of the occurrence of an effect.

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RankPL: A Qualitative Probabilistic Programming Language

19 May 2017tjitze/RankPL

In this paper we introduce RankPL, a modeling language that can be thought of as a qualitative variant of a probabilistic programming language with a semantics based on Spohn's ranking theory. Broadly speaking, RankPL can be used to represent and reason about processes that exhibit uncertainty expressible by distinguishing "normal" from" surprising" events.


Estimating individual treatment effect: generalization bounds and algorithms

ICML 2017 clinicalml/cfrnet

There is intense interest in applying machine learning to problems of causal inference in fields such as healthcare, economics and education. We give a novel, simple and intuitive generalization-error bound showing that the expected ITE estimation error of a representation is bounded by a sum of the standard generalization-error of that representation and the distance between the treated and control distributions induced by the representation.


Benchmarking Framework for Performance-Evaluation of Causal Inference Analysis

14 Feb 2018IBM-HRL-MLHLS/IBM-Causal-Inference-Benchmarking-Framework

Causal inference analysis is the estimation of the effects of actions on outcomes. The data is based on real-world covariates, and the treatment assignments and outcomes are based on simulations, which provides the basis for validation.


Challenges of Using Text Classifiers for Causal Inference

EMNLP 2018 zachwooddoughty/emnlp2018-causal

Causal understanding is essential for many kinds of decision-making, but causal inference from observational data has typically only been applied to structured, low-dimensional datasets. While text classifiers produce low-dimensional outputs, their use in causal inference has not previously been studied.


Ancestral Causal Inference

NeurIPS 2016 caus-am/aci

Constraint-based causal discovery from limited data is a notoriously difficult challenge due to the many borderline independence test decisions. Several approaches to improve the reliability of the predictions by exploiting redundancy in the independence information have been proposed recently.


On Adaptive Propensity Score Truncation in Causal Inference

18 Jul 2017jucheng1992/ctmle

Even if the positivity assumption holds, practical violations of this assumption may jeopardize the finite sample performance of the causal estimator. One of the consequences of practical violations of the positivity assumption is extreme values in the estimated propensity score (PS).


Almost-Exact Matching with Replacement for Causal Inference

18 Jun 2018almostExactMatch/collapsingFLAME

We aim to create the highest possible quality of treatment-control matches for categorical data in the potential outcomes framework. Notable advantages of our method over existing matching procedures are its high-quality matches, versatility in handling different data distributions that may have irrelevant variables, and ability to handle missing data by matching on as many available covariates as possible.


Adversarial Generalized Method of Moments

19 Mar 2018vsyrgkanis/adversarial_gmm

We provide an approach for learning deep neural net representations of models described via conditional moment restrictions. Conditional moment restrictions are widely used, as they are the language by which social scientists describe the assumptions they make to enable causal inference.


Domain Adaptation by Using Causal Inference to Predict Invariant Conditional Distributions

NeurIPS 2018 caus-am/dom_adapt

An important goal common to domain adaptation and causal inference is to make accurate predictions when the distributions for the source (or training) domain(s) and target (or test) domain(s) differ. In many cases, these different distributions can be modeled as different contexts of a single underlying system, in which each distribution corresponds to a different perturbation of the system, or in causal terms, an intervention.


Recovery of non-linear cause-effect relationships from linearly mixed neuroimaging data

2 May 2016sweichwald/MERLiN

Causal inference concerns the identification of cause-effect relationships between variables. However, often only linear combinations of variables constitute meaningful causal variables.