A Simple and Efficient Reconstruction Backbone for Snapshot Compressive Imaging

17 Aug 2021  ·  Jiamian Wang, Yulun Zhang, Xin Yuan, Yun Fu, Zhiqiang Tao ·

The emerging technology of snapshot compressive imaging (SCI) enables capturing high dimensional (HD) data in an efficient way. It is generally implemented by two components: an optical encoder that compresses HD signals into a 2D measurement and an algorithm decoder that retrieves the HD data upon the hardware-encoded measurement. Over a broad range of SCI applications, hyperspectral imaging (HSI) and video compressive sensing have received significant research attention in recent years. Among existing SCI reconstruction algorithms, deep learning-based methods stand out as their promising performance and efficient inference. However, the deep reconstruction network may suffer from overlarge model size and highly-specialized network design, which inevitably lead to costly training time, high memory usage, and limited flexibility, thus discouraging the deployments of SCI systems in practical scenarios. In this paper, we tackle the above challenges by proposing a simple yet highly efficient reconstruction method, namely stacked residual network (SRN), by revisiting the residual learning strategy with nested structures and spatial-invariant property. The proposed SRN empowers high-fidelity data retrieval with fewer computation operations and negligible model size compared with existing networks, and also serves as a versatile backbone applicable for both hyperspectral and video data. Based on the proposed backbone, we first develop the channel attention enhanced SRN (CAE-SRN) to explore the spectral inter-dependencies for fine-grained spatial estimation in HSI. We then employ SRN as a deep denoiser and incorporate it into a generalized alternating projection (GAP) framework -- resulting in GAP-SRN -- to handle the video compressive sensing task. Experimental results demonstrate the state-of-the-art performance, high computational efficiency of the proposed SRN on two SCI applications.

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