Anomaly Detection via Gumbel Noise Score Matching

6 Apr 2023  ·  Ahsan Mahmood, Junier Oliva, Martin Styner ·

We propose Gumbel Noise Score Matching (GNSM), a novel unsupervised method to detect anomalies in categorical data. GNSM accomplishes this by estimating the scores, i.e. the gradients of log likelihoods w.r.t.~inputs, of continuously relaxed categorical distributions. We test our method on a suite of anomaly detection tabular datasets. GNSM achieves a consistently high performance across all experiments. We further demonstrate the flexibility of GNSM by applying it to image data where the model is tasked to detect poor segmentation predictions. Images ranked anomalous by GNSM show clear segmentation failures, with the outputs of GNSM strongly correlating with segmentation metrics computed on ground-truth. We outline the score matching training objective utilized by GNSM and provide an open-source implementation of our work.

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