Augmentation-Aware Self-Supervision for Data-Efficient GAN Training

31 May 2022  ·  Liang Hou, Qi Cao, HuaWei Shen, Siyuan Pan, Xiaoshuang Li, Xueqi Cheng ·

Training generative adversarial networks (GANs) with limited data is valuable but challenging because discriminators are prone to over-fitting in such situations. Recently proposed differentiable data augmentation techniques for discriminators demonstrate improved data efficiency of training GANs. However, the naive data augmentation introduces undesired invariance to augmentation into the discriminator. The invariance may degrade the representation learning ability of the discriminator, thereby affecting the generative modeling performance of the generator. To mitigate the invariance while inheriting the benefits of data augmentation, we propose a novel augmentation-aware self-supervised discriminator that predicts the parameter of augmentation given the augmented and original data. Moreover, the prediction task is required to distinguishable between real data and generated data since they are different during training. We further encourage the generator to learn from the proposed discriminator by generating augmentation-predictable real data. We compare the proposed method with state-of-the-arts across the class-conditional BigGAN and unconditional StyleGAN2 architectures on CIFAR-10/100 and several low-shot datasets, respectively. Experimental results show a significantly improved generation performance of our method over competing methods for training data-efficient GANs.

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