AutoHEnsGNN: Winning Solution to AutoGraph Challenge for KDD Cup 2020

25 Nov 2021  ·  Jin Xu, Mingjian Chen, Jianqiang Huang, Xingyuan Tang, Ke Hu, Jian Li, Jia Cheng, Jun Lei ·

Graph Neural Networks (GNNs) have become increasingly popular and achieved impressive results in many graph-based applications. However, extensive manual work and domain knowledge are required to design effective architectures, and the results of GNN models have high variance with different training setups, which limits the application of existing GNN models. In this paper, we present AutoHEnsGNN, a framework to build effective and robust models for graph tasks without any human intervention. AutoHEnsGNN won first place in the AutoGraph Challenge for KDD Cup 2020, and achieved the best rank score of five real-life datasets in the final phase. Given a task, AutoHEnsGNN first applies a fast proxy evaluation to automatically select a pool of promising GNN models. Then it builds a hierarchical ensemble framework: 1) We propose graph self-ensemble (GSE), which can reduce the variance of weight initialization and efficiently exploit the information of local and global neighborhoods; 2) Based on GSE, a weighted ensemble of different types of GNN models is used to effectively learn more discriminative node representations. To efficiently search the architectures and ensemble weights, we propose AutoHEnsGNN$_{\text{Gradient}}$, which treats the architectures and ensemble weights as architecture parameters and uses gradient-based architecture search to obtain optimal configurations, and AutoHEnsGNN$_{\text{Adaptive}}$, which can adaptively adjust the ensemble weight based on the model accuracy. Extensive experiments on node classification, graph classification, edge prediction and KDD Cup challenge demonstrate the effectiveness and generality of AutoHEnsGNN

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