CNN-based Density Estimation and Crowd Counting: A Survey

28 Mar 2020  ·  Guangshuai Gao, Junyu. Gao, Qingjie Liu, Qi. Wang, Yunhong Wang ·

Accurately estimating the number of objects in a single image is a challenging yet meaningful task and has been applied in many applications such as urban planning and public safety. In the various object counting tasks, crowd counting is particularly prominent due to its specific significance to social security and development... Fortunately, the development of the techniques for crowd counting can be generalized to other related fields such as vehicle counting and environment survey, if without taking their characteristics into account. Therefore, many researchers are devoting to crowd counting, and many excellent works of literature and works have spurted out. In these works, they are must be helpful for the development of crowd counting. However, the question we should consider is why they are effective for this task. Limited by the cost of time and energy, we cannot analyze all the algorithms. In this paper, we have surveyed over 220 works to comprehensively and systematically study the crowd counting models, mainly CNN-based density map estimation methods. Finally, according to the evaluation metrics, we select the top three performers on their crowd counting datasets and analyze their merits and drawbacks. Through our analysis, we expect to make reasonable inference and prediction for the future development of crowd counting, and meanwhile, it can also provide feasible solutions for the problem of object counting in other fields. We provide the density maps and prediction results of some mainstream algorithm in the validation set of NWPU dataset for comparison and testing. Meanwhile, density map generation and evaluation tools are also provided. All the codes and evaluation results are made publicly available at https://github.com/gaoguangshuai/survey-for-crowd-counting. read more

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