DeepTIMe: Deep Time-Index Meta-Learning for Non-Stationary Time-Series Forecasting

13 Jul 2022  ·  Gerald Woo, Chenghao Liu, Doyen Sahoo, Akshat Kumar, Steven Hoi ·

Deep learning has been actively applied to time-series forecasting, leading to a deluge of new autoregressive model architectures. Yet, despite the attractive properties of time-index based models, such as being a continuous signal function over time leading to smooth representations, little attention has been given to them. Indeed, while naive deep time-index based models are far more expressive than the manually predefined function representations of classical time-index based models, they are inadequate for forecasting due to the lack of inductive biases, and the non-stationarity of time-series. In this paper, we propose DeepTIMe, a deep time-index based model trained via a meta-learning formulation which overcomes these limitations, yielding an efficient and accurate forecasting model. Extensive experiments on real world datasets demonstrate that our approach achieves competitive results with state-of-the-art methods, and is highly efficient. Code is available at https://github.com/salesforce/DeepTIMe.

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