DIODE: Dilatable Incremental Object Detection

12 Aug 2021  ·  Can Peng, Kun Zhao, Sam Maksoud, Tianren Wang, Brian C. Lovell ·

To accommodate rapid changes in the real world, the cognition system of humans is capable of continually learning concepts. On the contrary, conventional deep learning models lack this capability of preserving previously learned knowledge. When a neural network is fine-tuned to learn new tasks, its performance on previously trained tasks will significantly deteriorate. Many recent works on incremental object detection tackle this problem by introducing advanced regularization. Although these methods have shown promising results, the benefits are often short-lived after the first incremental step. Under multi-step incremental learning, the trade-off between old knowledge preserving and new task learning becomes progressively more severe. Thus, the performance of regularization-based incremental object detectors gradually decays for subsequent learning steps. In this paper, we aim to alleviate this performance decay on multi-step incremental detection tasks by proposing a dilatable incremental object detector (DIODE). For the task-shared parameters, our method adaptively penalizes the changes of important weights for previous tasks. At the same time, the structure of the model is dilated or expanded by a limited number of task-specific parameters to promote new task learning. Extensive experiments on PASCAL VOC and COCO datasets demonstrate substantial improvements over the state-of-the-art methods. Notably, compared with the state-of-the-art methods, our method achieves up to 6.0% performance improvement by increasing the number of parameters by just 1.2% for each newly learned task.

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