Fully automatic computer-aided mass detection and segmentation via pseudo-color mammograms and Mask R-CNN

Mammographic mass detection and segmentation are usually performed as serial and separate tasks, with segmentation often only performed on manually confirmed true positive detections in previous studies. We propose a fully-integrated computer-aided detection (CAD) system for simultaneous mammographic mass detection and segmentation without user intervention. The proposed CAD only consists of a pseudo-color image generation and a mass detection-segmentation stage based on Mask R-CNN. Grayscale mammograms are transformed into pseudo-color images based on multi-scale morphological sifting where mass-like patterns are enhanced to improve the performance of Mask R-CNN. Transfer learning with the Mask R-CNN is then adopted to simultaneously detect and segment masses on the pseudo-color images. Evaluated on the public dataset INbreast, the method outperforms the state-of-the-art methods by achieving an average true positive rate of 0.90 at 0.9 false positive per image and an average Dice similarity index of 0.88 for mass segmentation.

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