Halluci-Net: Scene Completion by Exploiting Object Co-occurrence Relationships

18 Apr 2020  ·  Kuldeep Kulkarni, Tejas Gokhale, Rajhans Singh, Pavan Turaga, Aswin Sankaranarayanan ·

Recently, there has been substantial progress in image synthesis from semantic labelmaps. However, methods used for this task assume the availability of complete and unambiguous labelmaps, with instance boundaries of objects, and class labels for each pixel. This reliance on heavily annotated inputs restricts the application of image synthesis techniques to real-world applications, especially under uncertainty due to weather, occlusion, or noise. On the other hand, algorithms that can synthesize images from sparse labelmaps or sketches are highly desirable as tools that can guide content creators and artists to quickly generate scenes by simply specifying locations of a few objects. In this paper, we address the problem of complex scene completion from sparse labelmaps. Under this setting, very few details about the scene (30\% of object instances) are available as input for image synthesis. We propose a two-stage deep network based method, called `Halluci-Net', that learns co-occurence relationships between objects in scenes, and then exploits these relationships to produce a dense and complete labelmap. The generated dense labelmap can then be used as input by state-of-the-art image synthesis techniques like pix2pixHD to obtain the final image. The proposed method is evaluated on the Cityscapes dataset and it outperforms two baselines methods on performance metrics like Fr\'echet Inception Distance (FID), semantic segmentation accuracy, and similarity in object co-occurrences. We also show qualitative results on a subset of ADE20K dataset that contains bedroom images.

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