Holistic Prototype Attention Network for Few-Shot VOS

16 Jul 2023  ·  Yin Tang, Tao Chen, Xiruo Jiang, Yazhou Yao, Guo-Sen Xie, Heng-Tao Shen ·

Few-shot video object segmentation (FSVOS) aims to segment dynamic objects of unseen classes by resorting to a small set of support images that contain pixel-level object annotations. Existing methods have demonstrated that the domain agent-based attention mechanism is effective in FSVOS by learning the correlation between support images and query frames. However, the agent frame contains redundant pixel information and background noise, resulting in inferior segmentation performance. Moreover, existing methods tend to ignore inter-frame correlations in query videos. To alleviate the above dilemma, we propose a holistic prototype attention network (HPAN) for advancing FSVOS. Specifically, HPAN introduces a prototype graph attention module (PGAM) and a bidirectional prototype attention module (BPAM), transferring informative knowledge from seen to unseen classes. PGAM generates local prototypes from all foreground features and then utilizes their internal correlations to enhance the representation of the holistic prototypes. BPAM exploits the holistic information from support images and video frames by fusing co-attention and self-attention to achieve support-query semantic consistency and inner-frame temporal consistency. Extensive experiments on YouTube-FSVOS have been provided to demonstrate the effectiveness and superiority of our proposed HPAN method.

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