Latent Dirichlet Allocation Model Training with Differential Privacy

9 Oct 2020  ·  Fangyuan Zhao, Xuebin Ren, Shusen Yang, Qing Han, Peng Zhao, Xinyu Yang ·

Latent Dirichlet Allocation (LDA) is a popular topic modeling technique for hidden semantic discovery of text data and serves as a fundamental tool for text analysis in various applications. However, the LDA model as well as the training process of LDA may expose the text information in the training data, thus bringing significant privacy concerns. To address the privacy issue in LDA, we systematically investigate the privacy protection of the main-stream LDA training algorithm based on Collapsed Gibbs Sampling (CGS) and propose several differentially private LDA algorithms for typical training scenarios. In particular, we present the first theoretical analysis on the inherent differential privacy guarantee of CGS based LDA training and further propose a centralized privacy-preserving algorithm (HDP-LDA) that can prevent data inference from the intermediate statistics in the CGS training. Also, we propose a locally private LDA training algorithm (LP-LDA) on crowdsourced data to provide local differential privacy for individual data contributors. Furthermore, we extend LP-LDA to an online version as OLP-LDA to achieve LDA training on locally private mini-batches in a streaming setting. Extensive analysis and experiment results validate both the effectiveness and efficiency of our proposed privacy-preserving LDA training algorithms.

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