Neural Combinatory Constituency Parsing

We propose two fast neural combinatory models for constituency parsing: binary and multi-branching. Our models decompose the bottom-up parsing process into 1) classification of tags, labels, and binary orientations or chunks and 2) vector composition based on the computed orientations or chunks. These models have theoretical sub-quadratic complexity and empirical linear complexity. The binary model achieves an F1 score of 92.54 on Penn Treebank, speeding at 1327.2 sents/sec. Both the models with XLNet provide near state-of-the-art accuracies for English. Syntactic branching tendency and headedness of a language are observed during the training and inference processes for Penn Treebank, Chinese Treebank, and Keyaki Treebank (Japanese).

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