Optimizing Privacy-Preserving Outsourced Convolutional Neural Network Predictions

22 Feb 2020  ·  Minghui Li, Sherman S. M. Chow, Shengshan Hu, Yuejing Yan, Chao Shen, Qian Wang ·

Convolutional neural network is a machine-learning model widely applied in various prediction tasks, such as computer vision and medical image analysis. Their great predictive power requires extensive computation, which encourages model owners to host the prediction service in a cloud platform. Recent researches focus on the privacy of the query and results, but they do not provide model privacy against the model-hosting server and may leak partial information about the results. Some of them further require frequent interactions with the querier or heavy computation overheads, which discourages querier from using the prediction service. This paper proposes a new scheme for privacy-preserving neural network prediction in the outsourced setting, i.e., the server cannot learn the query, (intermediate) results, and the model. Similar to SecureML (S&P'17), a representative work that provides model privacy, we leverage two non-colluding servers with secret sharing and triplet generation to minimize the usage of heavyweight cryptography. Further, we adopt asynchronous computation to improve the throughput, and design garbled circuits for the non-polynomial activation function to keep the same accuracy as the underlying network (instead of approximating it). Our experiments on MNIST dataset show that our scheme achieves an average of 122x, 14.63x, and 36.69x reduction in latency compared to SecureML, MiniONN (CCS'17), and EzPC (EuroS&P'19), respectively. For the communication costs, our scheme outperforms SecureML by 1.09x, MiniONN by 36.69x, and EzPC by 31.32x on average. On the CIFAR dataset, our scheme achieves a lower latency by a factor of 7.14x and 3.48x compared to MiniONN and EzPC, respectively. Our scheme also provides 13.88x and 77.46x lower communication costs than MiniONN and EzPC on the CIFAR dataset.

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