PSF--NET: A Non-parametric Point Spread Function Model for Ground Based Optical Telescopes

2 Mar 2020  ·  Peng Jia, Xuebo Wu, Yi Huang, Bojun Cai, Dongmei Cai ·

Ground based optical telescopes are seriously affected by atmospheric turbulence induced aberrations. Understanding properties of these aberrations is important both for instruments design and image restoration methods development. Because the point spread function can reflect performance of the whole optic system, it is appropriate to use the point spread function to describe atmospheric turbulence induced aberrations. Assuming point spread functions induced by the atmospheric turbulence with the same profile belong to the same manifold space, we propose a non-parametric point spread function -- PSF-NET. The PSF-NET has a cycle convolutional neural network structure and is a statistical representation of the manifold space of PSFs induced by the atmospheric turbulence with the same profile. Testing the PSF-NET with simulated and real observation data, we find that a well trained PSF--NET can restore any short exposure images blurred by atmospheric turbulence with the same profile. Besides, we further use the impulse response of the PSF-NET, which can be viewed as the statistical mean PSF, to analyze interpretation properties of the PSF-NET. We find that variations of statistical mean PSFs are caused by variations of the atmospheric turbulence profile: as the difference of the atmospheric turbulence profile increases, the difference between statistical mean PSFs also increases. The PSF-NET proposed in this paper provides a new way to analyze atmospheric turbulence induced aberrations, which would be benefit to develop new observation methods for ground based optical telescopes.

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