Score-Based Change Detection for Gradient-Based Learning Machines

27 Jun 2021  ·  Lang Liu, Joseph Salmon, Zaid Harchaoui ·

The widespread use of machine learning algorithms calls for automatic change detection algorithms to monitor their behavior over time. As a machine learning algorithm learns from a continuous, possibly evolving, stream of data, it is desirable and often critical to supplement it with a companion change detection algorithm to facilitate its monitoring and control. We present a generic score-based change detection method that can detect a change in any number of components of a machine learning model trained via empirical risk minimization. This proposed statistical hypothesis test can be readily implemented for such models designed within a differentiable programming framework. We establish the consistency of the hypothesis test and show how to calibrate it to achieve a prescribed false alarm rate. We illustrate the versatility of the approach on synthetic and real data.

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