Universal Model for Multi-Domain Medical Image Retrieval

14 Jul 2020  ·  Yang Feng, Yubao Liu, Jiebo Luo ·

Medical Image Retrieval (MIR) helps doctors quickly find similar patients' data, which can considerably aid the diagnosis process. MIR is becoming increasingly helpful due to the wide use of digital imaging modalities and the growth of the medical image repositories... However, the popularity of various digital imaging modalities in hospitals also poses several challenges to MIR. Usually, one image retrieval model is only trained to handle images from one modality or one source. When there are needs to retrieve medical images from several sources or domains, multiple retrieval models need to be maintained, which is cost ineffective. In this paper, we study an important but unexplored task: how to train one MIR model that is applicable to medical images from multiple domains? Simply fusing the training data from multiple domains cannot solve this problem because some domains become over-fit sooner when trained together using existing methods. Therefore, we propose to distill the knowledge in multiple specialist MIR models into a single multi-domain MIR model via universal embedding to solve this problem. Using skin disease, x-ray, and retina image datasets, we validate that our proposed universal model can effectively accomplish multi-domain MIR. read more

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