In recent years, there has been a growing interest on deep learning-based pansharpening. Research has mainly focused on architectures. However, lacking a ground truth, model training is also a major issue. A popular approach is to train networks in a reduced resolution domain, using the original data as ground truths. The trained networks are then used on full resolution data, relying on an implicit scale invariance hypothesis. Results are generally good at reduced resolution, but more questionable at full resolution.
Here, we propose a full-resolution training framework for deep learning-based pansharpening. Training takes place in the high resolution domain, relying only on the original data, with no loss of information. To ensure spectral and spatial fidelity, suitable losses are defined, which force the pansharpened output to be consistent with the available panchromatic and multispectral input. Experiments carried out on WorldView-3, WorldView-2, and GeoEye-1 images show that methods trained with the proposed framework guarantee an excellent performance in terms of both full-resolution numerical indexes and visual quality. The framework is fully general, and can be used to train and fine-tune any deep learning-based pansharpening network.Source: Pansharpening by convolutional neural networks in the full resolution framework
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