Convolutional Neural Networks for Facial Expression Recognition

22 Apr 2017  ·  Shima Alizadeh, Azar Fazel ·

We have developed convolutional neural networks (CNN) for a facial expression recognition task. The goal is to classify each facial image into one of the seven facial emotion categories considered in this study. We trained CNN models with different depth using gray-scale images. We developed our models in Torch and exploited Graphics Processing Unit (GPU) computation in order to expedite the training process. In addition to the networks performing based on raw pixel data, we employed a hybrid feature strategy by which we trained a novel CNN model with the combination of raw pixel data and Histogram of Oriented Gradients (HOG) features. To reduce the overfitting of the models, we utilized different techniques including dropout and batch normalization in addition to L2 regularization. We applied cross validation to determine the optimal hyper-parameters and evaluated the performance of the developed models by looking at their training histories. We also present the visualization of different layers of a network to show what features of a face can be learned by CNN models.

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