Cross-Modality Brain Tumor Segmentation via Bidirectional Global-to-Local Unsupervised Domain Adaptation

Accurate segmentation of brain tumors from multi-modal Magnetic Resonance (MR) images is essential in brain tumor diagnosis and treatment. However, due to the existence of domain shifts among different modalities, the performance of networks decreases dramatically when training on one modality and performing on another, e.g., train on T1 image while performing on T2 image, which is often required in clinical applications... This also prohibits a network from being trained on labeled data and then transferred to unlabeled data from a different domain. To overcome this, unsupervised domain adaptation (UDA) methods provide effective solutions to alleviate the domain shift between labeled source data and unlabeled target data. In this paper, we propose a novel Bidirectional Global-to-Local (BiGL) adaptation framework under a UDA scheme. Specifically, a bidirectional image synthesis and segmentation module is proposed to segment the brain tumor using the intermediate data distributions generated for the two domains, which includes an image-to-image translator and a shared-weighted segmentation network. Further, a global-to-local consistency learning module is proposed to build robust representation alignments in an integrated way. Extensive experiments on a multi-modal brain MR benchmark dataset demonstrate that the proposed method outperforms several state-of-the-art unsupervised domain adaptation methods by a large margin, while a comprehensive ablation study validates the effectiveness of each key component. The implementation code of our method will be released at \url{https://github.com/KeleiHe/BiGL}. read more

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